- Indigenous peoples usually live within (or maintain attachments to) geographically distinct ancestral territories;
- They tend to maintain distinct social, economic, and political institutions within their territories;
- They typically aspire to remain distinct culturally, geographically and institutionally rather than assimilate fully into national society; and
- They self-identify as indigenous or tribal.
- Peoples whose social, cultural and economic conditions distinguish them from other sections of the national community, and whose status is regulated wholly or partially by their own customs or traditions or by special laws or regulations.
- Peoples who are regarded as indigenous on account of their descent from the populations which inhabited the country, or a geographical region to which the country belongs, at the time of conquest or colonization or the establishment of present state boundaries and who, irrespective of their legal status, retain some or all of their own social, economic, cultural and political institutions.
- The Convention also states that self-identification as indigenous or tribal shall be regarded as a fundamental criterion for determining the groups to which the provisions of this Convention apply.
More details about UNDP's Cultural Diversity Festival 2011 could be found from our previous posts: